Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, philologist, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869, at the age of 24. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life, and he completed much of his core writing in the following decade. In 1889, at age 44, he suffered a collapse and a complete loss of his mental faculties. He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother (until her death in 1897), and then with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, and died in 1900.A trained philologist, Nietzsche had a thorough knowledge of Greek philosophy. He read Kant, Plato, Mill, Schopenhauer and Spir,who became his main opponents in his philosophy, and later Spinoza, whom he saw as his "precursor" in many respects but as a personification of the "ascetic ideal" in others. However, Nietzsche referred to Kant as a "moral fanatic", Plato as "boring", Mill as a "blockhead", and of Spinoza he said: "How much of personal timidity and vulnerability does this masquerade of a sickly recluse betray?" Nietzsche's philosophy, while innovative and revolutionary, was indebted to many predecessors. While at Basel, Nietzsche offered lecture courses on pre-Platonic philosophers for several years, and the text of this lecture series has been characterized as a "lost link" in the development of his thought. "In it concepts such as the will to power, the eternal return of the same, the overman, gay science, self-overcoming and so on receive rough, unnamed formulations and are linked to specific pre-Platonics, especially Heraclitus, who emerges as a pre-Platonic Nietzsche." The pre-Socratic thinker Heraclitus was known for the rejection of the concept of being as a constant and eternal principle of universe, and his embrace of "flux" and incessant change. His symbolism of the world as "child play" marked by amoral spontaneity and lack of definite rules was appreciated by Nietzsche.[180] From his Heraclitean sympathy, Nietzsche was also a vociferous detractor of Parmenides, who opposed Heraclitus and be lieved all world is a single Being with no change at all. Read More on Wikipedia

Books

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A Nietzsche Reader - Friedrich Nietzsche

Basic Writings of Nietzsche - Friedrich Nietzsche

Beyond Good and Evil - Friedrich Nietzsche

Beyond Good and Evil_ Prelude t - Friedrich Nietzsche

Ecce Homo - Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Anti-Christ, Ecce Homo, Twilight of Idols & Other Writings (Cambridge, 2005)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Beyond Good and Evil [trans. Horstmann & Norman] (Cambridge UP, 2002)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Birth of Tragedy & Other Writings (Cambridge, 1999)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Daybreak (Cambridge, 1997)99)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Gay Science, The [trans. Kaufmann] (Vintage, 1974)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Gay Science, The [trans. Nauckhoff] (Cambridge, 2001)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Human, All Too Human (Cambridge, 1996)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Nietzsche Reader, The [eds. Pearson & Large] (Blackwell, 2006)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life (Hackett, 1980)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - On the Genealogy of Morality [trans. Diethe] (Cambridge, 2006)

The Time Is Noon - Pearl S. Buck

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks (Regnery, 1962)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Thus Spoke Zarathustra [trans. Del Caro & Pippin] (Cambridge, 2006)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Thus Spoke Zarathustra [trans. Kaufmann] (Penguin, 1978)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Untimely Meditations (Cambridge, 1997)

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Writings from the Late Notebooks (Cambridge, 2003)

The Birth of Tragedy (Oxford Wo - Friedrich Nietzsche

The Portable Nietzsche - Friedrich Nietzsche